There are three key things that impact the flavor and characteristics of wine and other liquids like specialty cooking oils. Each of the factors contribute to making open bottles of wine behind your bar go bad over time. The three factors include:
Temperature. Warm surrounding air temps damages wine
Direct Sunlight. Harmful UV rays penetrate the clear glass and hurt the wine (as well as warm it up - see previous bullet)
Exposure to Air. More specifically, exposure to oxygen. Oxygen touching the wine surface causes oxidation
When all three of these factors are in play, the wine flavor can degrade quickly. How quickly the wine goes bad depends on how extreme, and for how long, the wine is subjected to one or all three of these issues!
Here's how each factor affects wine - and more specifically - an open bottle of wine, causing the wine to go bad. You don't have to be a scientist to know what's going on, and you don't have to artificially limit your on premise wine by the glass (BTG) program to prevent bad things from happening!
Warm Temperatures Hurt Wine
There is no question that warmer temperatures affect - and degrade - wine flavor. This is why wine cellars and wine fridges exist! These are places to store wine that keeps the bottles cool and dry. The best temperature to store bottles of wine is around mid 50 degrees.
But, you need to be careful, as "warm temperatures" in this context can mean anything above 70 degrees. This is the "danger zone", according to Wine Enthusiast and their excellent article "At What Temperature Does Wine Spoil."
What is a financially mindful restaurateur do? Here's what you can do to keep your bottles of wine cool(er). This list is price descending, for those business on a budget:
Dig a wine cellar
Buy and install a wine fridge
Put the wine in your current fridge
Most likely solution - keep it in a relatively cool place
Direct Sunlight Hurts Wine
Yep, sunlight hurts, too. Not only does direct sunlight heat the wine (see above for damage due to warm temps), it also exposes the wine to harmful UV rays. Exposure to direct sunlight can begin to break down the wine structure inside the bottle. The result is premature aging - and who wants that in their life?
In the meantime, as someone recommended to me years ago, treat your wines like shade loving plants. This didn't help me much, I'm afraid, as I seem to be incapable of keeping plants alive either inside or outside my house...
What to do? Keep your bottles away from direct sunlight, and even consider moving back stock out of your very bright bar. Cool and dark places are best.
Exposure to Oxygen Makes Open Bottles of Wine Go Bad
Have you ever heard the term oxidation?
A freshly-cut apple turns brown, a bicycle fender becomes rusty, or a copper penny turns green. What do all of these events have in common? They are all examples of the process known as oxidation.
Oxidation is defined as the interaction between oxygen molecules and all the different substances they may contact, from metal to living tissue.
Oxidation can be destructive, such as the rusting of an automobile or the spoiling of fresh fruit.
For wine, the most important instance of oxidization is what happens inside our open bottle(s) of wine!
How an Open Bottle of Wine Goes Bad
What happens to an apple once you cut it or bite in to it? It starts to turn brown due to oxidization. That is what's happening to your wines once you open the bottles. As the oxygen in the air settles on top of the wine inside the bottle, oxidization begins. The wine begins to "turn brown", if you will.
You and your customers probably won't notice the affect on taste right away. However, leave open bottles of wine unprotected over a period of hours or days, and you and your wine customers will absolutely taste the change in flavor that oxidation causes. Over time, your wine will taste like this:
Don't serve bad tasting wine! To reduce or even prevent oxidization from happening to our open bottles of wine, we can do several things.
How to Prevent Your Wines From Going Bad
Once you've opened a bottle of wine and poured a glass, how do you keep the rest of the bottle tasting fresh behind the bar for hours, days, or even weeks? Follow these steps:
Keep the open bottle of wine - as best you can - in a cool dry place
Keep the open bottle of wine in a place that avoids direct sunlight
Use an effective wine preservation method to create a barrier that prevents the wine from oxidizing
Using a wine preservation system at your business does not have to be complicated, expensive, or gimmicky. A 100% argon preserver does a great job preventing oxidization and will cost you pennies per bottle saved.
Do Specialty Cooking Oils Oxidize?
Yes. The situation above also affects your specialty cooking oils. To retain their desired flavor profile and make them last much longer, use the same techniques described above to help preserve an open bottle of wine. Keep the oil cool, away from sunlight, and add a protective layer to prevent oxidization.
We know 100% Argon is the best wine preservation method. Both Coravin and Silvadore use 100% Argon to preserve wine. So, which one is the better choice for you to use to preserve wine in your fast paced On Premise environment? Read on...
By using wine preservation, you'll be able to increase wine revenue. Wine preservation as a powerful tool to expand your wine by the glass program. Use wine preservation to increase full bottle wine sales. And a wine preserver is a great marketing and promotional tool. Here's how...